×
×
×
×
×

Congenital Disorders

A congenital disorder, or congenital disease, is a condition existing at birth and often before birth, or that develops during the first month of life .
A congenital disorder may be the result of genetic abnormalities, the intrauterine (uterus) environment, errors of morphogenesis, infection, or a chromosomal abnormality.

The outcome of the disorder will depend on complex interactions between the pre-natal deficit and the post-natal environment. Studies indicate that the mother's (and possibly the father's) diet, vitamin intake, and glucose levels prior to ovulation and conception have long-term effects on fetal growth and adolescent and adult disease.

Congenital disorders vary widely in causation and abnormalities. Any substance that causes birth defects is known as a teratogen. Congenital disorder does not necessarily refer to a genetic disorder despite the similarity of the words. Some disorders can be detected before birth through prenatal diagnosis (screening).

Click below links to know more –